Thomas Savery (1650-1715). Invented the first commercial steam engine -a steam pump.
Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729). Improved Savery’s engine by introducing the piston.
Richard Trevithick (1771 – 1833). Invented the high pressure steam engine. Built the first steam locomotive.
George Stephenson (1781-1848). Made the railway a practical reality.
Abraham Darby (1678-1717). Developed the process of smelting iron using coke.
Sir Henry Bessemer, 1813-1898. Devised a process for making steel on a large scale.
James Hargreaves (1722-1778). Invented the spinning jenny.
John Kay (1733-1764). Invented the flying shuttle.
Samuel Crompton (1753-1827). Invented the spinning mule.
Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) Invented the waterframe.
Edmund Cartwright (1743-1823). Invented the power loom.
John Harrison (1693-1776) First to build watches accurate enough to solve the longitude measurement problem.
Edward Jenner (1743-1823). Developed vaccination.
Joseph Lister (1827-1912). Developed antisepsis.
Sir Joseph Whitworth (1803-1887) standardised screw threads, produced first true plane surfaces in metal, developed ductile steel.
Henry Maudslay (1771-1831). Invented the screw-cutting lathe and the first bench micrometer that was capable of measuring to one ten thousandth of an inch.
Joseph Bramah (1748-1814). Invented the hydraulic press.
John Walker (1781- 1859). Invented the first friction matches.
John Smeaton (1724-1792) made the first modern concrete (hydraulic cement).
Joseph Aspdin (1788-1855) invented Portland Cement, the first true artificial cement.
Humphrey Davy (1778-1829). Invented the first electric light, the arc lamp.
Michael Faraday (1791-1867). Invented the electric motor.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859). Built the first really large steam ships – the Great Britain, Great Western, Great Eastern.
Sir Isaac Pitman (1813-1897). Devised the most widely used modern shorthand.
Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802 – 1875). Developed an electric telegraph at the same time as Samuel Morse.
Rowland Hill (1795-1879). Invented adhesive postage stamps.
John Herschel (1792-1871). Invented the blueprint.
William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) Invented the negative-positive photography and latent image shorter exposure time.
Sir Joseph William Swan (1828-1914). Invented the dry photographic plate. Invented, concurrently with Edison, the light bulb.
Sir William Henry Perkin (1838-1907). Created the first artificial dye – aniline purple or mauveine – and the first artificial scent, coumarin.
Alexander Parkes (1813-90). Created the first artificial plastic, Parkensine.
Sir George Cayley (1773-1857). Worked out the principles of aerodynamics, his “On Ariel Navigation” showed that a fixed wing aircraft with a power system for propulsion, and a tail to assist in the control of the airplane, would be the best way to allow man to fly. Also invented the caterpillar track.
Sir Frank Whittle (1907-1996). Took out the first patents for a Turbojet.
Sir Christopher Cockerell (1910-1999). Invented the hovercraft.
Charles Babbage (1792-1871). Worked out the basic principles of the computer.
Alan Turin (1912-1954). Widely considered the father of modern computer science – worked out the principles of the digital computer.
Tim Berners-Lee (1955-). Invented the World Wide Web defining HTML (hypertextmarkup language), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and URLs (Universal Resource Locators).